A ética na política e a política sem ética!!!

Publicado em   10/jun/2011
por  Caio Hostilio

Acabo de assistir e escutar um dos debates mais enfáticos sobre apoio político com ética em sua essência. O debate foi entre os senadores Pedro Simon (PMDB-RS), Cristovam Buarque (PDT-DF) e a senadora Ana Amélia (PP-RS). Mostraram que o apoio a um governo não precisa de interesses pessoais, mas sim de apoio as ações que melhorem de fato a governabilidade e as perspectivas do bem-estar do povo brasileiro.

Um debate de alto nível é o que se espera dos representantes do povo, coisa difícil, pois esse tipo de debate podemos ainda assistir apenas no Senado Federal. Os senadores independentes de partidos e posições elogiaram as atitudes da Presidenta Dilma e as ações dos ex-presidentes da República Fernando Collor e Itamar Franco, nas discussões nas comissões e no plenário.

Com isso questionei: “Até que ponto a política é compatível com a ética? A política pode ser eficiente se incorporar a ética? Não seria puro moralismo exigir que a política considere os valores éticos?”. Vi isso hoje nesse debate entre esses três senadores. Como seria bom que os políticos assistissem como se faz política com é ética e numa essência de reconhecimento!!!

Quando se trata da relação entre ética e política não há respostas fáceis. Há mesmo quem considere que esta é uma falsa questão, em outras palavras, que ética e política são como a água e o vinho: não se misturam. Quem pensa assim, adota uma postura que nega qualquer vínculo da política com a moral: os fins justificam os meios.

O ‘realismo político’, ou seja, a busca de resultados a qualquer preço, subtrai os atos políticos à qualquer avaliação moral, entendendo esta como restrita à vida privada, dissociando o indivíduo do coletivo.

Esta concepção sobre a relação ética e política desconsidera que a moral também é um fator social e como tal não pode se restringir ao santuário da consciência dos indivíduos. Em outras palavras, embora a moral se manifeste pelo comportamento do indivíduo, ela expressa uma exigência da sociedade.

A política nega ou afirma certa moral e que, em última instância, a política também é avaliada pelo comportamento e entendimento moral das pessoas. Aliás, se a política almeja legitimidade não pode, entre outros fatores, dispensar o consenso dos cidadãos — o que pressupõe o apelo à moral.

O moralismo abstrato concentra a atenção na esfera da vida privada, do político. Portanto, aprisiona a política à moral intimista e subjetiva deste. Ao centrar a atenção na esfera individual, o falso moralista julga o governante tão-somente como inimigo e seus vícios o leva a buscar algo para enfatizar seu pensamento de ódio, cujo resultado é sempre maléfico ao coletivo, haja vista que não têm alternativas ou projetos que possam modificar o que por ventura possa surgir.  

De um lado o ‘realismo político’; de outro, o moralismo absoluto. Nem tanto mar, nem tanto terra. A política e a moral, embora expressem esferas de ação e de comportamento humano específicas e distintas, são igualmente importantes para a ação humana no sentido da transformação social.

Política e moral são formas de comportamento que não se identificam (a primeira enfatiza o coletivo; a segunda o indivíduo). Nem a política pode absorver a moral, nem esta pode ser reduzida à política. Embora sejam esferas diferentes, há a necessidade de uma relação mútua que não anule as características particulares de cada uma. Portanto, nem a renúncia à política em nome da moral; nem a exclusão absoluta da política.

Mas, ainda fica a pergunta inicial: é possível a ética na política? Deixo a resposta aos leitores.

  Publicado em: Governo

49 Responses to A ética na política e a política sem ética!!!

  1. Norma Welde disse:

    Great thoughts going to put these into practice tonight.

  2. There’s no doubt that this wedding will be one of the best things to happen of the 2000s. Congratulations to the happy newlyweds and any one that doesn’t agree is a misery.

  3. Farah Koehler disse:

    Lovely post, many thanks for taking the time to write it down

  4. Thank you for today’s post, seriously, can you become a topic writer for wikipedia because the current entries hosted there for our hobby is frankly garbage. I can’t say I agree exactly with it but I agree with it on the most part and I wholeheartedly applaud your effort in putting it so succinctly.

  5. Daryl Molski disse:

    Gracias for today’s post, honestly, can you sign up as a topic writer for wikipedia because the current stuff in there for our interest is frankly drivel. I don’t agree exactly with it but I agree with it on the most part and I certainly applaud your effort in putting it so ably.

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  7. Aida Jensvold disse:

    Thank you for this post, seriously, can you sign up as a contributor for wikipedia because the current pages submitted there for our hobby is frankly dross. I can’t say I agree completely with it but I agree with it on the most part and I definitely applaud your effort in putting it so succinctly.

  8. There’s no doubt that this wedding is one of the best things to happen of the 2000s. Felicitations to the happy couple and any one that doesn’t agree is a misery.

  9. Tera Dragaj disse:

    Many thanks for this entry, I don’t quite agree exactly with it but I agree with it on the most part and I wholeheartedly applaud your effort in putting it so clearly.

  10. Lisha Delanoy disse:

    In light of CBS’s 60 minutes episode I would reckon Lance is kaput.

  11. Devona Pisula disse:

    Thanks for this post, I can’t say I agree completely with it but I agree with it on the most part and I wholeheartedly applaud your effort in putting it so clearly.

  12. Altha Mahn disse:

    I certainly agree with this post!

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  14. Ricki Wojtas disse:

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  16. Thanks for the post, I can’t say I agree completely with it but I agree with it on the most part and I wholeheartedly applaud your effort in putting it so succinctly.

  17. Janell Gair disse:

    Lovely post, props to you for taking the time to put your ideas down

  18. Zada Jedan disse:

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  19. Marx Slunaker disse:

    I def agree with this post!

  20. I think that this wedding will be one of the greatest things to happen of the decade. Congratulations to the happy newlyweds and any body that doesn’t agree is a killjoy.

  21. Estell Sheaff disse:

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  22. Thanks for today’s entry, I don’t quite agree exactly with it but I agree with it on the most part and I definitely applaud your effort in putting it so ably.

  23. Grazie for this entry, seriously, can you sign up as a topic contributor for wikipedia because the current entries in there for our hobby is quite frankly drivel. I don’t agree completely with it but I agree with it on the most part and I definitely applaud your effort in putting it so succinctly.

  24. Gracias for your entry, seriously, can you sign up as a author for wikipedia because the current stuff submitted there for our interest is frankly dross. I don’t quite agree exactly with it but I agree with it on the most part and I certainly applaud your effort in putting it so clearly.

  25. Thank you for this entry, I can’t say I agree completely with it but I agree with it on the most part and I definitely applaud your effort in putting it so clearly.

  26. Concetta Yam disse:

    After watching the 60 Minutes Program one can’t help but conclude Lance is going to struggle.

  27. Emiko Meunier disse:

    I can’t say I completely agree, many thanks for having the initiave to come up with it

  28. I am over the moon about it and I think that this wedding will be one of the best things to happen of the decade. Best wishes to the happy couple and any one that doesn’t agree is a republican.

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  31. Great post, I genuinely benefited from reading it, keep doing the good efforts.

  32. Tasia Maloch disse:

    Gracias for today’s post, honestly, can you sign up as a topic author for wikipedia because the current stuff in there for our hobby is frankly garbage. I don’t quite agree exactly with it but I agree with it on the most part and I definitely applaud your effort in putting it so clearly.

  33. Enjoyable page, I genuinely benefited from glossing over it, keep doing all the good efforts.

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  35. I can’t say I completely agree, many thanks for showing the initiative to throw it up

  36. Thanks for this post, seriously, can you sign up as a topic writer for wikipedia because the current stuff submitted there for our interest is frankly garbage. I don’t quite agree exactly with it but I agree with it on the most part and I definitely applaud your effort in putting it so clearly.

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  44. Thanks for your entry, I can’t say I agree exactly with it but I agree with it on the most part and I certainly applaud your effort in putting it so succinctly.

  45. Ana Menger disse:

    There’s no doubt that this wedding will be one of the greatest things to happen of the recent years. Felicitations to the happy newlyweds and any body that doesn’t agree is a republican.

  46. Gracias for this entry, seriously, can you sign up as a contributor for wikipedia because the current pages submitted there for our hobby is frankly garbage. I can’t say I agree exactly with it but I agree with it on the most part and I definitely applaud your effort in putting it so succinctly.

  47. I certainly digg this!

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